Decision Analysis

Sustainability of Column-Supported RC Slabs: Fiber Reinforcement as an Alternative

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Fiber-reinforced concrete has been used in structures without any additional reinforcement when the design is determined by transient load stages (precast segments for tunnels), in elements with favorable boundary conditions, and in structures subjected to low load levels (pavements or pipes). Recently, the material has been used as the primary reinforcement in elements with greater structural responsibility, such as building column-supported slabs. Several dozen buildings have incorporated this new technology, and research is being conducted on how to optimize the design while guaranteeing the required reliability levels. However, in some cases, fibers have not been used as the primary reinforcement in concrete slabs for economic reasons. In most cases, the solution is compared with existing alternatives (traditionally reinforced concrete) considering only the direct material costs and disregarding indirect costs, social aspects, and environmental factors. The building construction sector lacks sustainability rating tools to assess structural components separately (e.g., columns, floors, panels, and façades). This paper presents a new method that can be used to assess the sustainability of concrete slabs by means of a multicriteria decision-making approach including fiber-reinforced concrete. It used rigorous analyses of current concrete slab technologies and sustainability assessment tools. Criteria, indicators, weights, and value functions were specifically selected, defined, and calibrated for this research.
Bibliographic citation: de la Fuente, Albert; Casanovas-Rubio, Maria del Mar; Pons, Oriol; Armengou Orús, Jaume, "Sustainability of Column-Supported RC Slabs: Fiber Reinforcement as an Alternative", Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, Vol. 145, No. 7, 2019

Reference: 10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001667 (DOI)
Date: 07/2019
Author(s): de la Fuente, Albert; Casanovas-Rubio, Maria del Mar; Pons, Oriol; Armengou Orús, Jaume
Document type: Article in Journal (refereed)
Languages: English