University Research Parks and Their Impact on Technology Transfer Activities

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University research parks (URPs) are technology-based geographical enclaves placed in the surroundings of a university campus that benefit from the knowledge generated in the university and its research centres. In URPs, information flows from academia to industry, accelerated by a physical proximity. Universities started building up these spaces as a result of different policies designed to foster knowledge transfer activities and spur university-industry collaborations. In Spain this movement took place in the 90s, and quite rapidly universities all over the Spanish territory got interested in this policy instrument as a way to foster innovation and attract R&D activity. Despite literature on science parks is quite abundant, there is a theoretical gap in the mechanisms that drove the creation of these infrastructures. This paper aims at shedding some light on this matter. First, based on the literature reviewed and the evidence of the practices followed by several URPs, we propose that URPs can be created following two different strategies, depending whether the concentration of innovative activities is based on the presence or the absence of a deliberated creation scheme.
Bibliographic citation: Berbegal Miraben, Jasmina; Alegre, Inés; Guerrero, Adrián, "University Research Parks and Their Impact on Technology Transfer Activities". In: Bing Ran. Technological Innovation Networks: Collaboration and Partnership. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing, 2017. pp 167 - 192 (Contemporary Perspectives on Technological Innovation Management and Policy; Vol. 3).
Date: 06/2017
Author(s): Berbegal Miraben, Jasmina; Alegre, Inés; Guerrero, Adrián
Document type: Chapter
Sector: Education/Culture
Languages: English